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Cape Kaleakra

60 km. northeast of Varna is the cape. In translation from greek means beautiful cape. Extending 2 km. in the Black Sea, it is the longest nose in the Balkans. Its steep cliffs reaching 70 meters above the sea. They are mainly limestone and conglomerates formed in shallow former Sarmatian sea.

Over the centuries the name was changed several times. Tirizis called it the thracians, romans acres, and byzantines Acres Ccastellum. Kaleakra is the name given by the bulgarian Dobrotitza. On the nose and around it there are remains of a fortress. The main attraction of the site is a medieval fortress, the entrance from the north.

In the ongoing archaeological excavations in the area of the site, three are the retaining walls associated with the thracian, roman and medieval stage. Foundations of residential and commercial buildings, stone tombs, roman baths, medieval church and cemetery.

In a small cave is located and operates the only one archaeological cave museum, located in the northwest.

Can see thracian, roman and medieval pottery, coins, stone and metal anchors, etc.

For that took place near the nose in 1791 naval battle, which ended the russian turkish war of 1787-1791, the modest relief resembles in honor of admiral Ushakov built into the rocks near the museum.

Karst sarmatian limestones formed desolate area known as “Caireac.” This typical castro landscape is covered with a variety (over 450 species) vegetation graded character. Of these 45 species are rare, endangered and endemic species. The area of ​​Kaleakra is the only place in the world where plants are found Kaleakra Kaleakra campion and cornflowers. Near Kaleakra are the largest deposits in the country for more than 20 rare and endangered plants fernleaf peony, sarmatian peeled, rue, lesingovo esparto, caucasian wormwood and more.

Legends

The top of the forehead nose in one of biodetrit are seen lips intervals limestone cycles, erosion has sculpted a small rock bridge (arch) called “The door of forty girls.” According to legend, after the fall of the fortress under turkish rule, it was here forty girls choose death over violence and harem, throwing himself into the abyss at one with plaited hair. 40 bulgarian girls tied their hair together and thrown into the sea to fall into the hands of the ottoman oppressors. Now at the beginning of the cape has an obelisk called the gate of the 40 virgins in their memory.

Legend of the cape is associated with St. Nicholas, patron saint of sailors. Saint fleeing from the turks and god extended earth beneath his feet to be able to escape. Thus was formed the nose. Eventually he was captured and beheaded. Now there is a chapel, restored in 1993, symbolizing his grave.

At this point during the Turkish rule and was dervish monastery to which it is claimed that kept the relics of Saint Sara Turkish Sultuk.

Legend has it that here was broke largest naval battle. Russian squadron led by admiral Ushakov defeated the turkish armada and this victory ends russo turkish War of 1787 to 1791, the blood of the defenders of the fortress of propane into the rocks and so they have a purple-red color.

Legend of Lysimachus one of the generals of Alexander the great, who seized the royal treasure and fled to the cape. He died in a big storm and the entire fleet sank to the cape.

Fortress

During the greek government of the nose are built extra walls and the roman domination the thracian fortress was expanded. Are formed inside and outside the city, a fortress wall around them was 10 feet high and 3 meters thick. In V to VI century AD. fortress was one of the main defenders against invading barbarian tribes and the city was one of the important centers of the region Scythia. At that time the castle was called Acre castellum / from Acre nose, and castellum Fortress /. To VII century the city developed and strengthened, then began a gradual decline since the establishment of the bulgarian nation and bulgarian slavic tribes interested in the place and it remained sparsely populated.

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